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Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro

Climbing and trekking Mt. Kilimanjaro the highest mountain in Africa at 5,895 meters or 19,341 feet above level is the highlight of most visitors’ experiences in Tanzania. The mountain’s ecosystems are as strikingly beautiful as they are varied and diverse. Once inside the park, thick lowland forest covers the lower altitudes and breaks into alpine meadows once the air begins to thin. Near the peak, the landscape is harsh and barren, with rocks and ices the predominant features above a breathtaking African view. The three summits of Mount Kilimanjaro Kibo 5,895 m (19,341 ft); Mawenzi 5,149 m (16,893 ft); and Shira 3,962 m (13,000 ft). Uhuru Peak is the highest summit on Kibo's crater rim,Shira and Mawenzi both have suffered considerable erosion and only jagged peaks remain. Kibo, the central, youngest and highest peak has survived as an almost perfect cone.Few mountains can claim the grandeur, the breathtaking views of Amboseli National Park in Kenya, the Rift Valley, and the Masaai Steppe, that belongs to Kilimanjaro. Hiking on the ‘rooftop of Africa’ — the highest point on the continent at 5896 metres — is the adventure of a lifetime, especially because, if paced well, everyone from seasoned trekkers to first-time enthusiasts can scale the snowy peak.mount kilimanjaro safari
Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro does not require any technical skills or special equipment. However, the journey is not to be taken lightly. You need information to understand what lies ahead. You have a seemingly endless number of questions. It is a protected area, carefully regulated for climbers to enjoy without leaving a trace of their presence. On the lowland slopes, much of the mountain is farmland, with coffee, banana, cassava, and maize crops grown for subsistence and cash sale.Kilimanjaro is located near the town of Moshi, It regionally located  on the border of Tanzania and Kenya, just south of the Equator. To the west lies the Great African Rift Valley, created by tremendous tectonic forces which also gave birth to a string of other volcanoes. One of these, Mount Kenya, was originally much higher than Kilimanjaro.
Being an Afromontane sky island, Kilimanjaro has an enormous biodiversity while low in endemic species. However endemics include the giant groundsels in the bunchgrass tussock grasslands, and other flora adapted to living in alpine plant conditions.Kilimanjaro has a large variety of forest types over an altitudinal range of 3,000 m (9,843 ft) containing over 1,200 vascular plant species. Montane Ocotea forests occur on the wet southern slope. Cassipourea and Juniperus forests grow on the dry northern slope. Subalpine Erica forests at 4,100 m (13,451 ft) represent the highest elevation cloud forests in Africa.The routes are; Marangu route, Machame Route, Lemosho route, Shira Route, Rongai route, Umbwe Route and Western breach. The best to climb or trek Kilimanjaro is from December to February when the mountain is clearest and warmest conditions but also dry (and colder) from July-September.
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