Kenya Great Rift Valley

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Kenya Great Rift Valley

The Great Rift Valley is the continuous geographic trough, about 6,000 km long, that cuts through Africa and runs from Syria in North West Asia to Mozambique in East Africa. The name was given by the late 19th century explorer John Walter Gregory.Scientists say that the rift valley was formed about 20 million years ago when the earth crust weakened and tore itself apart creating the jagged rift across Africa continent. During these phenomena, great volcanic mountains were formed by eruptions on either side of the valley, while the valley floor gradually sank into the flat plain as is known today.The great rift valley divides Kenya down the length of the country .the width varies from about 100 km its narrowest width of about 45 kilo meters just north of Nairobi .The depth of the valley floor also varies, being at the lowest near the lake turkana.The rift valley is still active today as is evidence by some active volcanoes and hot springs, geysers and alkaline lakes along its length.

The alkaline lakes include Lake Baringo, Bogoria Elementaita, Magadi, Naivasha, and Nakuru; they have high concentration of sodium carbonate that re good breeding grounds for algae, resulting in the abundance of millions of birds. Lake Nakuru is known for its large flocks of flamingoes that are a sight to behold.The rift valley is also characterized by desert, farmland, flat arid plains and steep escarpments. As a result, it is home to large kingdoms of lions, the crandle of mankind and home to the Masai people, the nine Kalenjin tribes and the Turkana, the oldest tribal society in the world. It offers picturesque views of the gorges, lakes, and volcanic mountains. This is where you will find the masai Mara game reserve, Africa’s greatest wildlife reserve where the great wildebeest migration occurs every year.