Chamelons Facts


These attractive, intriguing, largely arboreal lizards are such unusual animals that for a time they were not placed in the taxonomic sub order sauria (lizards) but in their own sub order, Rhiptoglossa. In the 19th century, two genera were recognized chamaeleo and brookisea, the former mostly large, colourful, prehensile tailed chameleons.

Chameleons have a number of un-lizard-like characteristics .the tail cannot be shed and re-grown, and is prehensile in all species of chameleon. Their eyes are set in small turrets, move independently; their vision is sharp and can be binocular; they have no external ears and consequently very poor hearing. Their feet are uniquely adapted for climbing ,with opposed bundled toes with sharp claws; consequently chameleons are arboreal  the bigger species ascending to the bigger heights in trees, although the small species prefer shrubs and bushes and the pygmy chameleons often forage on the ground, although they climb into low vegetation to sleep. Chameleons have a telescopic tongue that can be shot at prey, to a distance greater than their bodies. They can change colour and intensity rapidly; some species exhibits a wide range of colours. Their bodies are curiously laterally compressed, without an obvious neck. The sex organs of the male are located in sheath at the base of the tail, and thus an adult non-horned chameleon can often be sexed by examining the tail base, which is broader in males. Males of some species have tarsal spurs, small scaly projections on the heel. The ability of change colour has made chameleons famous. The colour change is connected with their emotional /hormonal state, but usually matches the back ground. The colour change are also responsive to light, shade, and temperature .body shape, the way they move and base coloration all contributes to camouflage; patterns and intensity colour change are hormonally controlled. chameleons cannot move fast and their only active defences are hissing, biting, and jumping from perch .however ,if sexually aroused or facing a rival (some territorial),vivid, stunning colour patterns may appear ,and angry or harassed  chameleons will darken ,showing patterns of dark bars, spots or blotches; some become  black with rage. In cold area, they will turn black in the early morning ,in order to absorb heat and light efficiently from sun; at the same time they carefully align themselves perpendicular to the light and flatten the body  to increase  surface area.

A number of East African species have one, two or three annular or blade –like horns and rival males will fight with these, as well as by biting or clawing. The low altitude lay eggs, but most high altitude species ,especially the Tanzanian hill species and the smaller, stripped  East African species of the ‘’trioceros’’ group which includes Jackson chameleon (chameleo jacksoni) and the side striped  chameleon (chameleon bitaeniatus) give live birth. Chameleons eat insects and other arthropods (millipedes and spiders) and are thus farmers friendly. Chameleons have many enemies, including various species of birds (shrikes, starlings), small tree climbing carnivores, tree snakes (boom slang, twig snakes).

There are more than 130 known species of chameleon ,60 or more occur in Madagascar ,the rest mostly in sub-Saharan Africa, although a few species are found in Mediterranean sea and on Arabian peninsula ,one species occurs in India and sri Lanka, other on smaller off-shore islands. Tanzania, with more than 25 species, has the greatest chameleon diversity in Africa. In much sub Saharan Africa, chameleons are greatly feared, superstition connected with their secretive life, camouflage, odd appearance and jerky movements. Although some people believe they are venomous, most stories associate chameleons with bad luck, evil eye or having brought death to mankind by some sort of negligence. As a result of such legends, many people fear chameleons and wont tolerate them near homes. Chameleon bodies and body parts may also be used in witch craft.

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Kilimanjaro Safaris

Mountaineering Mount Kilimanjaro facts are vital information for arrangement of Kilimanjaro hiking trip in Tanzania. Kilimanjaro mountaineering guides, hiking Mount Kilimanjaro routes, mountaineering Kilimanjaro preparation, mountain hiking adaptation, hiking Kilimanjaro gears in addition to most excellent period to climb Kilimanjaro are detailed facts that need to be intended for comfort plus achievement mountaineering Kilimanjaro journey.

Kilimanjaro mountaineering guides are well taught guides and are specialized by Kilimanjaro National park Authority. Authorized Kilimanjaro hiking routes are machame, Rongai, Shira, Lemosho, Umbwe plus northern circuit with are ease for achievement hiking Kilimanjaro summiting.

Decide African continent for your subsequently trip holiday, African safaris,wildlife safari tours, plus kilimanjaro hiking machame route that drive you to kilimanjaro peak. African safaris as well as vacation holidays expert expedition worker in Tanzania through testimony of past clients. Holder huge place and welcoming people are every coming up to be seen by you. sightseeing, surroundings, every people are coming up to be seen by you.

We can be able to adapt your safari vacation holiday journey to suit your happiness.

We have fine qualified, knowledgeable and welcoming Mountain Guides in addition to Tour Safari guides. Additionally we have at ease safari jeep to allow wildlife presentation tours.

Full detailed in order about mountaineering Mount Kilimanjaro, wildlife safaris, adventures, cultural tours is available whenever you need. Complete information about climbing kilimanjaro, nature trekking, Kilimanjaro trekking expedition, wildlife safaris like weather, tours, travel packages, vacation holiday activities

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KENYAN COAST-One of the best tourist attractions ever.

The Kenyan coastline is approximately 536km fronting the Indian Ocean, with some of the most beautiful beaches in the worlds. The long white sandy beaches are home to some of the most diverse marine life in the oceans, with the abundance of beautiful bright corals, dolphins, butterfly fish, sharks and turtles, complimented by the large numbers of yellow and red tuna and snappers.
The Kenya coast is also rich in history, dating back over one thousand years, epitomized by the Vasco da Gama pillar and Fort Jesus. It’s very diverse culture has been influenced by a mixture of Swahili, Portuguese and European cultures.The region comprises five sub regions, namely the city of Mombasa, the North Coast, the South Coast Malindi and Lamu, each with unique features and tourist attractions.
Kenyan coast welcomes an enchanting power of nature which blends in with the exotic style of the Indo-Arab buildings to offer you a mesmerizing charm, which in Swahili is called Bembeleza”. Sit in the Balinese sun loungers on your room terrace and listen to the sound of the wind rustling the palm trees, enjoy the music of the waves and let your heart dance in silence, where your dream of total relaxation has finally come true.
Choose to dine on the open –air terrace, facing the sea and swimming pool or inside the air conditioned restaurants with the same view. Enjoy a cuisine of Mediterranean touch with a selection of fresh fish and seafood, pasta meat, fish, vegetarian dishes, among other indigenous cuisines.
Spice your holiday in Mombasa by visiting some of the historical places in Mombasa which includes Fort Jesus, Vasco da Gama, Mwalugange elephant sanctuary, Arabuko sokoke for birders, gede ruins, among other Mombasa safari.

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A tale of African skinks

Skinks are shiny –bodied, ‘typical Lizards; most have small limbs but some have no legs at all. The scales are smooth or keeled, flat shinny. The scales overlap and are toughed by osteoderms, giving skink a stout ,fairly rigid but flexible coating, which assists in their way of life, as many live underground or in and among rocks ,where resistance to wear is necessary. Skink tend to have  small, often pointed or wedge –shaped  heads, with  small eyes ,round pupil ,eyelid absent in some burrowing species. They have no obvious neck and the head has large symmetrical scales on top and usually has an ear hole. The tail is often quite long and smooth. When picked up the skink            will bite and writhe violently; if incautiously held by the tail, they instantly shed it and escape; the tail later rapidly regenerated.

Skinks are usually diurnal, and live in a variety of habitat; they live underground, in leaf litters, in sand, on the ground, in holes, on rock and in trees. They range from small species rarely larger than 5 or 6 to about 60 cm. Our biggest skink is the short is the short –necked skink Mabuya brevicollis.

They are often highly visible, basking in open area, shuttling back and forward between sun shine and shade; the striped skink Mabuya striata is one of the east Africa’s most visible and common lizards and readily adapts to suburbia. Some skinks are territorial, living in structured colonies led by a dominant male, other are solitary and secretive. Most skinks lay eggs but a few give live birth, some species do both, depending upon where they live.

Skinks occur through out the tropical and parts of temperate world, but although wide spread, very few fossils are known. About 80 genera, with over 700 species are known, some 45 species in 14 genera are known from East Africa with 13 endemic.

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